目的 了解浙江省现阶段流动儿童预防接种服务利用及其影响因素.方法 采用统一问卷对1822名满周岁且无当地户籍的流动儿童母亲进行调查.结果 回收有效问卷1811份,有64.38%的儿童家长称自己曾经接到过当地预防接种单位的通知,有95.53%家长在接到通知后愿意去接种疫苗.因素分析结果显示,预防接种通知形式、通知人员类别和家长对当地预防接种单位熟悉程度影响着流动儿童预防接种服务利用状况.结论 针对流动儿童对预防接种服务状况中存在的问题,建议通过改善流动儿童的服务模式,提升基层接种的服务水平.
Objective The study was conducted to learn the current utilization of vaccination service for floating children and its impact factors. Methods A total of 1822 floating mothers with a one-year-old child without local census register were surveyed with unified questionnaires. Results Retrieved 1811 valid questionnaires revealed that 64.38% of the parents had received the notification from local vaccination departments, while 95.53% of the parents were willing to have their children vaccinated after notified. Factor analysis revealed that the form of notification, informants and the parents familiarity with local vaccination departments affect the utilization of vaccination service for floating children. Conclusion Considering the existing problems in vaccination for floating children, it is proposed to improve the service model and the service on basic level.