目的 了解 2 0 0 3年陕西省艾滋病 (AIDS)的流行病学特征 ,为制定防治措施提供科学依据。方法 对 2 0 0 3年的常规监测、哨点监测和流行病学调查资料进行统计分析。结果 全年共监测各类人群 252 327人次 ,检出艾滋病病毒 (HIV)感染者42例 ,感染者以青壮年为主 ,2 0 - 39岁 32例 ,占 76.19%。经既往供、受血感染仍居首位 ,占 42.86 % (18/42 ) ,其次静脉吸毒感染占 30.95 % (13/42 )。结论 2003年报告艾滋病病毒感染者与 2002年持平 ,静脉吸毒感染所占比例上升明显 ,且吸毒人群中艾滋病流行的危险因素亦然存在 ,针对其特点 ,采取相应的防治措施是陕西省今后降低艾滋病流行的重点工作.
Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of AIDS in Shanxi province in 2003. So as to provide a scientific basis for the establishment of preventive and therapeutic measures. Methods Statistic analysis was done using conventional monitoring, sentinel surveillance and epidemiological investigation data in 2003. Results 252 327 subjects from various regions were monitored throughout the whole year, of whom 42 cases were confirmed to be infected with HIV, and 32 cases, accounting for 76.19%.were between 20 and 39 years old. The First precedence of infected persons was from the past paid blood doers,oc-cupied 42.86%(18/42);and the second was from injecting drug addicts,occupied 30.95%(13/42). Con-clusion The number of HIV suffers reported in 2003 remained the same as that of 2002,but the ratio of drug addicts via venous injection increased obviously,and fur thermore the risk factors that might generate epidemic of AIDS among drug addicts still existed. In terms of this trait,adopting correspondent preventive therapeutic measures was henceforth a key task for shanxi province to decrease the epidemic of AIDS.