目的 了解社区居民艾滋病相关知识和危险行为水平.方法 采取随机抽样原则,对大理州弥渡县604名18～49岁男性社区居民开展人户一对一问卷调查.结果 被调查对象艾滋病相关知识知晓率平均为42.22%,13道艾滋病相关知识题全对率平均为18.05%,对非传播途径和预防方法的错误认识较多;有8.62%和4.43%的人过去一年有商业或临时性行为,过去一年性行为中安全套使用率分别为31.58%、35.14%,与不同类型性伴安全套使用率存在较大差异(P0.05),承认有过同性性行为1人,从不使用安全套;有8.28%自愿做过艾滋病病毒抗体检测并知道结果.结论 目前社区居民防治艾滋病知识知晓率低,居民中商业性行为和临时性行为存在一定比例,而安全套使用率低,获得较全面宣教和干预服务的比例低,急需提高对该人群宣教干预力度.
Objective The present study was performed to get an insight into the AIDS-related knowledge and risk behaviors of community residents. Methods By random sampling, 604 male community residents aged 18-49 in Midu County of Dali Prefecture were one-on-one surveyed at home. Results The average recognition rate of AIDS-related knowledge among the respondents was 42.22%. The complete correctness rate of 13 AIDS-related questions was averagely 18.05%. Most mistakes were found in the part of non-transmission routes and prevention. 8.62% and 4.43% of people had commercial or temporary sexual behavior over the past year, while the condom-use rates were 31.58%, 35.14%, respectively. Significant differences were found in the condom use rate with different types of sexual partners (P0.05). One who admitted homosexual behavior had never used condoms. 8.28% had voluntarily received HIV antibody testing, and knew the results. Conclusion The current AIDS-related knowledge of community residents was poor. There was a certain rate of temporary and commercial sex, albeit the condom usage rate was low. As comprehensive education and intervention were not spread, there was an urgent need of raising the intensity of education and control approaches.