目的 明确杭州市成人主要慢性病相关行为危险因素的分布和流行情况,为开展生活方式相关疾病的综合防治提供可靠依据.方法 采用多层随机抽样方法,对杭州市2个县和2个区1010名15～69岁常住人口进行入户面访.调查内容包括居民健康状况及慢性病相关行为危险因素等.结果 人群吸烟率和30 d饮酒率分别为57.64%和41.20%,男性吸烟和饮酒现象较普遍.居民对烟草危害认识不够深入;被调查者测量过血糖和血脂的比例分别占28.61%和55.68%;居民膳食结构不合理;只有21.02%的男性和28.88%的女性在过去30 d内参加过体育锻炼;超重和肥胖率分别为28.19%和4.98%.结论 居民正面临不健康的生活方式的威胁,进一步丰富居民健康相关知识及针对慢性病相关行为危险因素的综合防制工作具有重要的现实意义.
Objective The study was conducted to determine the distribution and prevalence of the risk factors related to chronic diseases among adults in Hangzhou, providing reliable evidence for the development of comprehensive prevention and control of lifestyle-related diseases. Methods Through random stratified sampling, 1010 15-69 years old residents from two counties and two districts in Hangzhou were interviewed in their homes, concerning their health conditions and chronic disease-related behavioral risk factors. Results The smoking rate and 30 d drinking rate were 57.64% and 41.20%, respectively. Smoking and drinking were common among male residents. The residents had not thorough knowledge of smoking hazards. 28.61% and 55.68% of the interviewed had tested their blood glucose and blood fat, respectively. Their dietary structure was irrational. Only 21.02% men and 28.88% women participated in physical exercise in the past 30 days. The overweight and obesity rates were 28.19% and 4.98%, respectively. Conclusion The residents were being threatened by their unhealthy lifestyle. It was of practical significance to further enrich the residents with health-related knowledge and comprehensive prevention and control of behavioral risk factors related with chronic diseases.