目的 了解福建省莆田市荔城区青少年有害健康行为的现状, 为制定健康行为干预措施提供依据.方法 按整群分层抽取辖区6类14所学校(其中1所大学,1所中专,初中、高中各6所) 3623名学生进行近1年内危害健康行为及其相关因素的调查.结果 总的伤害报告率为43.43%,伤害率男生显著高于女生(x2=29.365,P=0.000);普通初中的学生是伤害的高发人群;在伤害类型中,以骑车带人的发生率最高(42.6%),骑车攀附其他车辆发生率次之(8.9%),且发生率存在明显的性别差异:不良生活方式中,吸烟率、饮酒率分别高达28.0%和61.7%.结论 青少年存在多种容易伤害的行为.应根据青少年健康危险行为特征采取有效预防措施,以减少伤害发生.
Objective The present study was conducted to know the prevalence of health-risky behaviors among adolescents in Licheng District of Putian City, Fujian Province for providing bases for the formulation of preventive interventions. Methods cluster stratified sampling was used to select 3623 students in 14 schools of 6 types, including one college, one technical secondary school, six senior high schools and six junior high schools) for investigating their health-risky behaviors as well as the related factors f.or 1 year. Results The total injury report rate was 43.43% with a significantly higher injury rate among boys than among girls.( 2=29.365, P=0.000). As for injuries, students in ordinary junior high schools were the high-risk populations. Carrying person when riding was the most frequent risk behavior with an injury rate of 42.6%. Clinging to other vehicles when riding was ranked as the second most frequent cause of injury with a incidence rate of 8.9%. There was a significant difference in the rate between genders. As for unhealthy lifestyles, the rate of smoking and drinking was 28.0% and 61.7% respectively. Conclusion Teenagers are likely to be engaged in many kinds of risk behaviors causing injuries. Effective measures should be taken based on the characteristics of health- risky behaviors among teenagers to reduce the incidence of injuries.