目的 掌握无锡市锡山区麻疹流行病学特征和发病规律，探讨控制麻疹发病的重点和有效措施。方法 采用描述流行病学现况分析研究方法，对2001-2007年所有麻疹实验室确诊病例和临床确诊病例做回顾性分析。结果 锡山区2001-2007年麻疹发病呈散发的流行特点。流动人口发病率高于本地人口，流动人口病例数占总病例数的60.33％，其中外来人口聚集的地区发病率最高。2-5月是麻疹高发季节，发病呈双峰型，5岁和20岁麻疹病例占总病例数的79.89％。结论 无锡市锡山区麻疹发病率相对稳定，发病年龄呈现双向移位趋势，应以控制外来流动人口麻疹发病为重点，加强外来务工人员及其子女麻疹疫苗的接种工作；建议青春期妇女开展麻疹疫苗接种。
Objective The study was conducted to determine the measles epidemiology and the incidence patterns in Xishan district of Wuxi city, discuss the priority of measles control and effective control measures. Methods The retrospectively analysis was conducted on the all laboratory and clinical confirmed measles cases from 2001 to 2007 by descriptive epidemiological method. Results Measles cases occurred in a Sporadic pattern in Xishan district from 2001 to 2007. The incidence in floating population was higher than that in local population, which accounted for 60.33% of the total cases. The highest incidence rate was found in the areas where immigrant population lived. Measles mainly occurred during February to May with a double-peak, The cases among the people aged ＜5 and ＞20 years accounted for 79.89% of the total cases. Conclusion Relatively stable incidence rate of measles was observed in Xishan district with a bipolar shift pattern of the age when disease occurred. Therefore, it is essential to control measles among the floating population, provide measles vaccination for farmer labourers and their children, and the measles vaccination is recommended for adolescent women.