目的 比较分析平遥县2006-2007年法定传染病网络直报质量，探讨影响直报质量的因素。方法 通过《中国疾病预防控制信息系统》的子系统《疾病监测信息报告管理系统》获取平遥县2006年和2007年疾病预防控制中心（卫生防疫站）及所辖医疗机构报告法定传染病报告卡，导出Excel格式，进行相关指标的比较分析。 结果 2006、2007年法定传染病网络直报未及时审核率分别为1.71%和0.20%；填卡医生姓名空缺率分别为3.43%和1.78%；患者工作单位空缺率分别为6.93%和3.36%。结论 平遥县法定传染病网络直报质量2007年比2006年有显著提高，法定报告传染病在报告及时性和完整性方面及审核及时性和报告准确性都有所提高。
Objective To analyze the quality of direct network report of notifiable infectious diseases in Pingyao county from 2006 to 2007, discuss the factors which influence the report quality. Methods Report cards of notifiable infectious diseases by the Center for Disease Control and other medical agencies in Pingyao in 2006 and 2007 were obtained in Excel forms from the Disease Surveillance Information Report Management System to conduct the analysis of relevant indexes. Results Compared with 2006, improvement were found on the report timeliness, report completeness and the timely verifying of the report and the report accuracy for notifiable infectious diseases in Pingyao in 2007. The proportion of 0.20% of reports were not timely verified in 2007 compared with 1.71% in 2006 （2=12.50，P＜0.01）. As for the completeness of the report cards, 1.78% of the cards were without filling the reporter's name in 2007 compared with 3.43% in 2006（2=5.75，P＜0.05）; and for 3.36% of the cards, the information about patients work unit was missing in 2007, while in 2006 this rate was 6.93%（2=14.02， P＜0.01). Conclusion The quality of the report for notifiable infectious diseases in Pingyao county is expected to further improve by strengthening the training and technical support for the staffs in charge of the quality and management of epidemic reporting in the medical agencies. It is the only way to constantly improve the quality of the report of infectious diseases in Pingyao that the staffs in charge of epidemic reporting and management all carry out their responsibilities.