娱乐场所艾滋病传播干预效果研究

郭浩岩 潘玲

郭浩岩, 潘玲. 娱乐场所艾滋病传播干预效果研究[J]. 疾病监测, 2008, 23(3): 150-152. doi: 10.3784/j.issn.1003-9961.2008.3.150
引用本文: 郭浩岩, 潘玲. 娱乐场所艾滋病传播干预效果研究[J]. 疾病监测, 2008, 23(3): 150-152. doi: 10.3784/j.issn.1003-9961.2008.3.150
GUO Hao-yan, PAN Ling . Research of the effects of AIDS intervention in entertainment places[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2008, 23(3): 150-152. doi: 10.3784/j.issn.1003-9961.2008.3.150
Citation: GUO Hao-yan, PAN Ling . Research of the effects of AIDS intervention in entertainment places[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2008, 23(3): 150-152. doi: 10.3784/j.issn.1003-9961.2008.3.150

娱乐场所艾滋病传播干预效果研究

doi: 10.3784/j.issn.1003-9961.2008.3.150

Research of the effects of AIDS intervention in entertainment places

  • 摘要: 目的 了解在项目执行前后娱乐场所老板和暗娼2类人群的艾滋病知识、态度和行为(KAP)的变化,分析研究项目执行期间对这2类人群的干预效果.方法 对项目执行地区的娱乐场所老板及暗娼人群在项目实施前(老板505人,暗娼503人)和实施后(老板506人,暗娼730人)分别进行艾滋病KAP问卷调查,选择其中的重要指标,对比分析2次调查的结果.结果 艾滋病预防知识掌握分析结果显示,娱乐场所老板得分从基线的57.9上升到86.1,暗娼得分从58.3上升到83.0;娱乐场所老板对艾滋病感染者及患者的态度在干预后有明显改善;暗娼最近一次与客人发生性关系时安全套的使用比例从79.6%上升到91.4%;到公立医院就诊的比例从51.6%上升到65.1%.结论 通过近2年的宣传和干预,干预对象与艾滋病预防相关的知识、态度和行为都发生明显转变,但暗娼的这些转变能否降低该人群艾滋病病毒(HIV)感染率和传播HIV的脆弱性,还需要开展长期的干预工作并观察长期效果.
  • [1]State Council AIDS Working Committee Office,UN Theme Group on AIDS in China.A joint Assessment of HIV/AIDS Prevention,Treatment and Care in China(2007)[R].2007:8-10.(in Chinese)国务院防治艾滋病工作委员会办公室,联合国艾滋病中国专题组.中国艾滋病防治联合评估报告(2007)[R].2007:8-10. [2]Markosyan KM,Babikian T,Ralph J.Diclemente,et al.Correlates of HIV risk and preventive behaviors in armenian females sex workers[J].AIDS Behav,2007,11:325-334. [3]The national institute of mental health (NIMH) multisite HIV prevention trial group.Predictors of fexual behavior patterns over one year among persons at high risk for HIV[J].Arch Sex Beh,2002,31(2):165-176. [4]Wang HF,Chen ZD,Zhou W,et al.Evaluating the effectiveness of outreach services in changing behaviors among female sex workers in entertainment eatablishments--China Wuhan/WHO 100% Condom Use Program[J].Chinese Journal of AIDS & STD,2004,10(4):286-289.(in Chinese)王红方,陈仲丹,周旺,等.外展服务方式对公共娱乐场所性服务小姐行为转变之效果评价--中国武汉/世界卫生组织100%使用安全套试点项目[J].中国艾滋病性病,2004,10(4):286-289. [5]Yang ZX,Hu W,Jin Q,et al.The effects evolution of intervention with sex workers of entertainment establishments in Shizong Country[J].Soft Science of Health,2006,20(3):242-244.(in Chinese)杨正祥,胡卫,晋勤,等.师宗县娱乐场所女性性服务人员艾滋病胜病预防行为干预效果评价[J].卫生软科学,2006,20(3):242-244. [6]Duan J,He WZ,Zhang CP,et al.The effects analysis of interventions with sex workers in Cities[J].Soft Science of Health,2006,20(3):268-270.(in Chinese)段珏,和文钟,张春平,等.城市暗娼性病/艾滋病综合防治干预效果分析[J].卫生软科学,2006,20(3):268-270.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1155
  • HTML全文浏览量:  9
  • PDF下载量:  402
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2007-10-19
  • 刊出日期:  2008-03-30

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回

    在线交流