目的 分析福建省传染病疫情态势。 方法 利用比数图表、CMR等方法，分析福建省传染病疫情监测资料。结果 福建省2007年甲、乙类传染病报告发病率299.24/10万，与前5年疫情平均水平比总体上升21.30%，且上升有显著意义。传染病构成已由20世纪90年代中期的以肠道传染病为主转变为目前以血液及性传播传染病和呼吸道传染病为主。分年龄组发病率出现0岁、25～34岁和70～79岁3个高峰， 首峰主要是痢疾、 麻疹和胎传梅毒，后两个高峰主要是乙型病毒性肝炎和肺结核。 结论 2007年福建省甲乙类传染病疫情仍较严重，今后应继续加大传染病防治工作力度，并随着传染病构成的变化采取相应的防治策略。
Objective The study was conducted to analyze the epidemiological trends of infectious diseases in Fujian. Methods The epidemic surveillance data in Fujian were analyzed through odds and CMR. Results The incidence of Type A and B infectious diseases was 299.24/lakh in Fujian, 2007, an increase of 21.30% compared with the average level of the epidemic in the past five years. This increase was statistically significant. The major constituent of infectious diseases had altered from intestinal infectious diseases in the mid 1990s to blood and sexually transmitted diseases and respiratory diseases at present. Higher incidence rates were seen in the age groups of 0 year olds, 25 to 34 year olds and 70 to 79 year olds, the first group was affected by dysentery, measles and congenital syphilis, and the second and third groups by hepatitis B and tuberculosis. Conclusion Fujian was facing serious epidemic of Type A and B infectious diseases in 2007. Consequently, intensified prevention and management of infectious diseases should be guaranteed and flexible control strategies should be applied according to the alteration of prevailing infectious diseases.