Analysis of knowledge, attitude and practice about viral hepatitis among rural population in Tongzhou district, Beijing
摘要: 目的了解北京市通州区农村地区人群对病毒性肝炎知识、态度和行为，为病毒性肝炎健康教育提供依据。方法采用多阶段整群随机抽样方法抽取15岁以上人群，进行问卷调查。结果448名被调查者中对病毒性肝炎甲、乙型肝炎（甲肝、乙肝）疫苗和传播途径的知晓率在53.1%~96.9%之间，文化程度与肝炎知识了解呈正相关，在行为上无差异。农民的甲、乙肝疫苗和传播途径知晓率低于其他人群。98.2%的人希望了解肝炎防治知识。甲、乙肝疫苗的接种率为12.9%，未接种的主要原因有不知道有疫苗或接种地点（63.6%）和无人组织或通知接种（17.6%）。结论目前通州区农村地区人群对肝炎防治知晓率距离2010年工作目标有一定差距。应针对不同人群采用不同方式加大宣传力度，提高人群对肝炎的认知度和疫苗接种率。Abstract: ObjectiveTo analyze the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) about viral hepatitis among rural population of Tongzhou district in Beijing, and provide the scientific basis for the health education about viral hepatitis prevention. MethodsThe questionnaire survey was conducted among 448 people aged 15 years by multistage stratified cluster random sampling. ResultsThe awareness rate of hepatitis A, B vaccines and hepatitis transmission routes ranged from 53.1% to 96.9%. There was difference on the awareness of the knowledge in the people with different educational level, but there was no difference on their behaviors. The awareness rate of hepatitis A, B vaccines and hepatitis transmission routes was lower in farmers than that in other people. 98.2% of the people surveyed wish to know the knowledge about hepatitis prevention, and the vaccination rate of hepatitis A, B was 12.9%. The reasons for low vaccination rate included that the vaccination site was unknown (63.6%) and the vaccination notice was not received (17.6%). ConclusionThe awareness rate of the knowledge about hepatitis prevention in rural population in Tongzhou should be increased to reach the goal set for 2010. It is necessary to strengthen the health education by different methods to increase the awareness of the knowledge about hepatitis and the coverage of vaccination.
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［2］Jiang DY,Liu AZ,Tan HZ,et al.Health-economics study of hepatitis B vaccination in adults［J］. <I>Chinese Journal of Vaccines and Immunization,</I> 2003,9(3)：157.
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