iscussion on incidence trend of infectious diseases in Suixi county, Anhui province, 1952-2007
摘要: 目的分析安徽省濉溪县1952-2007年传染病的变化趋势。方法采用描述流行病学方法，对濉溪县传染病疫情资料进行分析。结果1952-2007年濉溪县传染病年均发病率为5267.62/10万，死亡率为5.62/10万，21世纪初比20世纪50年代发病率下降了93.13％，死亡率下降了99.03％，20世纪50-70年代发病率呈上升趋势，70年代发病率达到高峰，80年代起发病率开始大幅下降，总体呈现下降趋势；20世纪80年代前以呼吸道传染病和自然疫源及虫媒传染病为主，进入90年代肠道传染病和血源及性传播传染病较之90年代以前有了明显上升，到21世纪初又转为自然疫源及虫媒传染病为主导类型；疾病谱排序不断发生变化，总发病率前5位的病种为疟疾、流行性感冒、痢疾、麻疹、百日咳。结论传染病防治成效显著，免疫预防和计划免疫相关疾病得到有效控制和消除；现阶段受到疟疾、肺结核、肝炎、艾滋病等新老传染病的威胁，防控形势依然严峻，濉溪县传染病防治策略随着传染病疾病谱的变化而改变。Abstract: ObjectiveTo analyze the incidence trend of infectious diseases in Suixi county in Anhui province from 1952 to 2007. MethodsThe data of infectious diseases epidemic in Suixi were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology. ResultsFrom 1952 to 2007, the annual incidence rate of infectious diseases was 5267.62/lakh and the annual mortality was 5.62/lakh in Suixi. The incidence rate decreased by 93.13% and the mortality decreased by 99.03% in early 2000s compared with 1950s. The incidence rate of infectious diseases increased year by year from 1950s to 1970s, peaked in 1970s, and had decreased substantially since 1980s. Before 1980s, respiratory diseases and natural focal/vector borne diseases were the major diseases, in 1990s the incidence of intestinal infectious diseases and blood borne diseases increased obviously, but in 2000s natural focal/vector borne diseases have become the major diseases again. The first five diseases for the incidence rate were malaria, influenza, dysentery, measles, pertusis. ConclusionGreat achievement have been made on infectious diseases prevention and control, and the diseases targeted by immunization program are under control effectively or have been eradicated, but now the great challenge are the prevention and control of malaria, pulmonary TB, hepatitis and AIDS. The strategies of infectious diseases control and prevention should be adjusted according to the change of diseases spectrum in Suixi county.
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