下呼吸道感染病原菌分布及耐药性监测

焦俊 张焕萍 王淑峰 李浩

焦俊, 张焕萍, 王淑峰, 李浩. 下呼吸道感染病原菌分布及耐药性监测[J]. 疾病监测, 2009, 24(10): 792-795. doi: 10.3784/j.issn.1003-9961.2009.10.022
引用本文: 焦俊, 张焕萍, 王淑峰, 李浩. 下呼吸道感染病原菌分布及耐药性监测[J]. 疾病监测, 2009, 24(10): 792-795. doi: 10.3784/j.issn.1003-9961.2009.10.022
JIAO Jun*, ZHANG Huang-Ping, WANG Shu-Feng, LI Hao. Distribution of pathogens in lower respiratory tract infection and drug resistance[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2009, 24(10): 792-795. doi: 10.3784/j.issn.1003-9961.2009.10.022
Citation: JIAO Jun*, ZHANG Huang-Ping, WANG Shu-Feng, LI Hao. Distribution of pathogens in lower respiratory tract infection and drug resistance[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2009, 24(10): 792-795. doi: 10.3784/j.issn.1003-9961.2009.10.022

下呼吸道感染病原菌分布及耐药性监测

doi: 10.3784/j.issn.1003-9961.2009.10.022

Distribution of pathogens in lower respiratory tract infection and drug resistance

  • 摘要: 目的调查呼吸科感染病原菌种类的分布及耐药趋势。方法对2007年1月至2008年12月山西医科大学第一医院呼吸科住院患者痰标本中分离出的病原菌及其鉴定和药敏实验的结果进行分析。结果共分离病原菌1501株,革兰阴性菌841株(56.03%),以嗜血杆菌、铜绿假单胞菌、肺炎克雷伯菌、阴沟肠杆菌、鲍曼不动杆菌和大肠埃希菌多见;革兰阳性球菌291株(19.39%),其中肺炎链球菌、金黄色葡萄球菌、棒状杆菌多见;真菌369株(24.58%)。药敏结果:肺炎克雷伯菌、阴沟肠杆菌、鲍曼不动杆菌和大肠埃希菌对亚胺培南100%敏感,对头孢派酮/舒巴坦的敏感率90%;铜绿假单胞菌对常见的抗生素均有不同程度的耐药;肺炎链球菌对青霉素的敏感率为43.75%;未发现耐万古霉素的金黄色葡萄球菌和肠球菌菌株。结论医院感染的耐药问题日趋严重,定期进行细菌耐药性监测,对指导临床合理应用抗菌药物,积极有效地控制医院感染具有重要意义。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2009-04-20
  • 刊出日期:  2009-10-30

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