Follow up of HIV/AIDS cases and data quality analysis in China,2008
摘要: 目的 了解2008年全国艾滋病病毒感染者/艾滋病患者(HIV/AIDS)随访管理现状及其数据质量。 方法 于2009年1月下载艾滋病综合防治数据信息系统中的历史数据库,包括网络直报病例报告卡和随访表。对相关数据进行统计分析。 结果 截至2008年年底,累计报告现存活的HIV/AIDS患者的管理比例为44.1%;随访管理比例较低的HIV/AIDS的人口学特征主要有:男性、未婚、15~34岁年龄组、公共场所服务等流动性大的职业、民族为彝族和维吾尔族;通过注射吸毒途径感染的随访管理的比例低,仅为32.7%。在随访到的HIV/AIDS中,有7.4%的人在首次随访干预后仍存在不安全性行为。随访表整体填报较好,在涉及干预和关怀救助内容方面存在部分数据缺失和逻辑错误。 结论 针对处于性活跃期、注射吸毒途径感染以及彝族和维吾尔族两个少数民族的HIV/AIDS的随访管理是今后工作的重点之一;在加强随访干预工作的同时,要不断提高随访数据质量。Abstract: Objective To analyze the follow-up of HIV/AIDS cases in 2008 and evaluate the data quality. Methods The HIV/AIDS case reporting cards and follow-up cards in 2008 which were obtained from national HIV/AIDS database in January 2009 were analyzed. Results By the end of 2008,of all reported people living with HIV/AIDS,44.1% were followed up. The demographic features of those with low follow-up rate were male,unmarried,15-34 year old,being engaged in public service and minority ethnic groups of Yi and Uygur. The follow-up rate of those infected by injecting drug use was low (32.7%). Among the HIV/AIDS cases followed up,7.4% still had unsafe sexual behaviors after the first follow up. Data missing and logic errors existed on the intervention and aid items in the follow up cards. Conclusion It is important to conduct follow-up among people living with HIV/AIDS cases who are sexually active,intravenous drug users and people in minority ethnic groups of Yi and Uygur in the future,and it is necessary to improve the quality of reported data about follow up.
 STD/AIDS prevention and control center,China CDC. Guide for network direct reporting of HIV/AIDS cases (in Trial) . Beijing: STD/AIDS prevention and control center,China CDC, 2008.(in Chinese) 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心.HIV/AIDS病例报告网络直报工作指南(试行) .北京:中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心.2008.
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