目的 分析辽宁省大连市2006 - 2010年细菌性痢疾(菌痢)的流行特征,为制定防控策略提供依据。 方法 应用描述性流行病学分析方法对大连市2006 - 2010年菌痢疫情资料的变化进行分析。 结果 大连市2006 - 2010年菌痢年发病率在25.96/10万~69.54/10万之间,发病高峰为每年6-10月,发病人群以儿童为主,男女性别比为1.16 ∶ 1。 结论 大连市2006 - 2010年菌痢发病率呈逐年下降趋势,儿童和学生等是高危人群,应加强托幼机构和学校等集体单位食品和饮用水卫生的管理。
Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of shigellosis in Dalian from 2006 to 2010, and provide evidence for the prevention and control of the disease Methods Descriptive epidemiological analysis was conducted on the incidence data of shigellosis in Dalian during this period. Results The incidence of shigellosis ranged from 25.96/lakh to 69.54/lakh. The incidence peak was during June-October in a year, and most cases were children. The male to female ratio of the cases was 1.16 ∶ 1. Conclusion The incidence of shigellosis declined with years in Dalian from 2006 to 2010. Children and students are the high-risk populations. It is necessary to strengthen the management of food and drinking water hygiene in child care settings and schools.