目的 探讨2009-2011年浙江省富阳市60岁老年人跌倒/坠落伤害的流行病学特征, 为施行科学有效的防制措施提供依据。方法 收集2009-2011 年富阳市3 家伤害监测哨点医院的伤害监测报告卡, 对因跌倒/坠落入院的老年人(60 岁) 的人口学资料及伤害发生情况进行流行病学研究。结果 3 家哨点医院共接诊因跌倒/坠落入院的老年人949名。秋冬季的跌倒/坠落患者所占比例相对较大; 伤害多发生在家中; 常见于家务、休闲活动的过程中; 伤害部位以下肢最多,占(29.50%);伤害程度多为中度 (60.49%)。轻中度和重度伤害间地点和年龄分布差异无统计学意义。结论 根据分析结果,针对性地开展心理、行为和环境干预,可能会有效减少老年人伤害的发生。
Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of injury caused by fall in people aged 60 years in Fuyang and provide evidence for the effective prevention and control of injury. Methods The surveillance data of fall in people aged 60 years were collected from sentinel hospitals in Fuyang and analyzed with Excel 2003 and SPSS 15.0 software. Results Totally 949 old patients sought medical treatment for injury caused by fall in 3 sentinel hospitals during this period. The injuries occurred in autumn and winter accounted for large proportion. The injuries mainly occurred at home when doing housework and leisure activities. The injury site was mainly on lower limbs (29.50%). Most injuries were moderate in severity (60.49%). The place and age specific differences between mild/moderate injuries and severe injuries had no statistical significances. Conclusion According to the results of analysis, targeted psychological, behavioral and environmental interventions should be carried out to reduce injury occurred in elderly people.