目的 分析2011年上海市浦东新区外来人口伤害情况,为制订降低当地外来人口伤害发生率的措施提供参考。 方法 采用描述性研究方法,以2011 年上海市浦东新区外来人口伤害患者为研究对象,分析患者年龄、性别、职业和伤害类型、原因、发生地点和伤害发生时的活动。 结果 共报告11 697 例外来人口伤害病例,平均年龄为(37.74±14.68)岁,男女性别比为3.14:1;外来人口伤害患者前3 位的伤害类型依次为锐器伤或咬伤或开放伤(50.27%)、挫伤或擦伤(30.67%)、颅脑外的其他骨折(7.96%),主要发生原因依次为刀或锐器伤(40.63%)、跌倒或坠落(22.81%)和钝器伤(22.29%);有51.16%的伤害发生在工业和建筑场所,85.12%的伤害发生在一线操作人员。 结论 浦东新区外来人口伤害主要是15~50岁的职业人群,职业伤害以刀或锐器伤为主。外来人口伤害预防的优先领域是职业伤害预防。
Objective To understand the incidence of injury in floating population in Pudong new district, Shanghai, and provide evidence for developing measures to reduce the incidence of injury in floating population. Methods Descriptive epidemiological analysis was conducted on the incidence data of injury in floating population in 2011. Results A total of 11 697 injury cases were reported, the average age of the cases was 37.74 ? 14.68 years and the male to female ratio was 3.14:1. The top three injury types were open wound(50.27%), superficial wound(30.67%) and fracture(7.96%). The top three injury causes were sharp instrument cut(40.63%), fall(22.81%) and blunt instrument force(22.29%). The common place where injuries occurred was working site(51.16%) and the high-risk group was workers in the front line(82.12%). Conclusion Most injuries in floating population occurred in work time, and the major type was sharp instrument cut. The priority of injury intervention in floating population should be the prevention and control of occupational injury.