2020年7-8月新疆乌鲁木齐市沙依巴克区新型冠状病毒肺炎流行病学特征分析

易春霞 马艳 伊再提古丽·木提拉 张静蕾

易春霞, 马艳, 伊再提古丽·木提拉, 张静蕾. 2020年7-8月新疆乌鲁木齐市沙依巴克区新型冠状病毒肺炎流行病学特征分析[J]. 疾病监测, 2021, 36(9): 949-954. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202012300427
引用本文: 易春霞, 马艳, 伊再提古丽·木提拉, 张静蕾. 2020年7-8月新疆乌鲁木齐市沙依巴克区新型冠状病毒肺炎流行病学特征分析[J]. 疾病监测, 2021, 36(9): 949-954. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202012300427
Yi Chunxia, Ma Yan, Yizaitiguli· mutila, Zhang Jinglei. Epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 in Shayibake district, Urumqi, Xinjiang, July–August 2020[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2021, 36(9): 949-954. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202012300427
Citation: Yi Chunxia, Ma Yan, Yizaitiguli· mutila, Zhang Jinglei. Epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 in Shayibake district, Urumqi, Xinjiang, July–August 2020[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2021, 36(9): 949-954. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202012300427

2020年7-8月新疆乌鲁木齐市沙依巴克区新型冠状病毒肺炎流行病学特征分析

doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202012300427
详细信息
    作者简介:

    易春霞,女,湖南省隆回县人,副主任医师,硕士,主要从事传染病预防控制工作,Email:454019368@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    张静蕾,0991–5869955,Email:275177562@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: R211; R51

Epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 in Shayibake district, Urumqi, Xinjiang, July–August 2020

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  • 摘要:   目的  分析2020年7 — 8月新疆乌鲁木齐市沙依巴克区(沙区)新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)的流行病学特征,为制定疫情防控策略提供科学依据。  方法  以沙区报告发现的122例COVID-19病例为研究对象,回顾性描述沙区疫情概况、病例的三间分布、聚集性疫情特征及病例发现途径。  结果  COVID-19病例122例,报告感染率为16.30/10万。 确诊病例106例(86.89%),无症状感染者16例(13.11%),男女性别比为1∶1.35。 其中维吾尔族病例占62.30%,汉族占35.25%。 年龄最小的为3月龄,最大的为92岁,中位年龄为33岁[四分位数间距(IQR):15~49岁]。 各年龄段均有病例,病例主要为<60岁人群(93/106,87.74%),无症状感染者主要集中在<40岁人群(15/16,93.75%),确诊病例平均年龄高于无症状感染者(35岁vs. 18岁,Z=−2.295,P<0.05)。 病例职业以学生为主(17.92%),其余依次为退休、无业、个体经营和服务人员。 聚集性疫情30起,涉及病例88例(72.13%),其中家庭聚集性疫情25起,病例73例(73/88,82.95%);邻里及单位聚集性疫情分别为2起,病例均为4例(4/88,4.55%);同班级聚集性疫情1起,病例7例(7/88,7.95%)。 疫情以家庭聚集性疫情为主。 长江管委会病例最多(26例,21.31%)。 通过集中隔离检测、居民大筛查、居家隔离检测发现113例,占92.62%,以主动检测发现为主。 疫情经过两个最长潜伏期得到有效控制。  结论  沙区此次疫情传播迅速,以聚集性疫情为主,通过采取防控措施得到有效控制。
  • 图  1  2020年7—8月沙依巴克区新型冠状病毒肺炎病例发病/发现时间分布

    Figure  1.  Distribution of onset/discovery time of COVID-19 cases in Shaybak district, July–August, 2020

    表  1  2020年7-8月沙依巴克区新型冠状病毒肺炎病例的人群分布

    Table  1.   Population distribution of COVID-19 cases in Shaybak district, July–August, 2020

     组别确诊病例(n=106)无症状感染者(n=16)合计(n=122)
    例数构成比(%)例数构成比(%)例数构成比(%)
    性别
     男性4441.51850.005242.62
     女性6258.49850.007057.38
    年龄组(岁)
      0~1413.21318.751713.93
     10~1312.26531.251814.75
     20~1413.21318.751613.11
     30~2321.70212.502621.31
     40~1514.15212.501713.93
     50~1413.2100.001411.48
     60~54.7216.2564.93
     ≥7087.5400.0086.56
    职业
     学生1917.92531.252419.67
     退休人员1816.9816.251915.57
     无业人员1413.2116.251512.29
     个体经营1312.26212.501512.29
     服务人员1110.38318.751411.48
     学龄前儿童98.49318.75129.84
     保洁员87.5500.0086.56
     社区工作人员43.7700.0043.28
     医院工作人员32.8400.0032.46
     其他76.6016.2586.56
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-12-30
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-05-11
  • 刊出日期:  2021-09-30

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