浙西南野栖啮齿动物及其体表寄生虫的组成与分布

李晔 柳付明 潘孝猛 叶夏良 洪浩 徐伟旺 张志豪 应丽红

李晔, 柳付明, 潘孝猛, 叶夏良, 洪浩, 徐伟旺, 张志豪, 应丽红. 浙西南野栖啮齿动物及其体表寄生虫的组成与分布[J]. 疾病监测, 2021, 36(9): 926-931. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202105210286
引用本文: 李晔, 柳付明, 潘孝猛, 叶夏良, 洪浩, 徐伟旺, 张志豪, 应丽红. 浙西南野栖啮齿动物及其体表寄生虫的组成与分布[J]. 疾病监测, 2021, 36(9): 926-931. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202105210286
Li Ye, Liu Fuming, Pan Xiaomeng, Ye Xialiang, Hong Hao, Xu Weiwang, Zhang Zhihao, Ying Lihong. Investigation of composition and distribution of wild rodents and their ecto-parasites populations in southwestern Zhejiang[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2021, 36(9): 926-931. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202105210286
Citation: Li Ye, Liu Fuming, Pan Xiaomeng, Ye Xialiang, Hong Hao, Xu Weiwang, Zhang Zhihao, Ying Lihong. Investigation of composition and distribution of wild rodents and their ecto-parasites populations in southwestern Zhejiang[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2021, 36(9): 926-931. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202105210286

浙西南野栖啮齿动物及其体表寄生虫的组成与分布

doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202105210286
基金项目: 浙江省医药卫生科技项目(No. 2018KY942)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李晔,男,浙江省丽水市人,硕士,副主任医师,主要从事病媒生物防制工作,Email:21476460@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    叶夏良,Tel:0578–2057520,Email:abc1454@163.com

  • 中图分类号: R211;R184

Investigation of composition and distribution of wild rodents and their ecto-parasites populations in southwestern Zhejiang

Funds: This study was supported by the Medical Health Science and Technology Project of Zhejiang Provincial Health Commission (No. 2018KY942)
More Information
  • 摘要:   目的   调查浙西南地区野生啮齿动物(鼠类)及其体表寄生虫种类与地理分布,为制定符合本地特色的鼠疫等疾病防制策略奠定基础。  方法   2018 — 2019年在浙西南地区6个鼠疫监测点按照《全国鼠疫监测方案》开展啮齿动物及其体表寄生虫的调查采集和分类鉴定、鼠疫血清学和病原学检测。  结果   共捕获啮齿动物2科4属10种989只,捕获率5.15%,优势鼠种为黑线姬鼠。 发现398只动物体表携带寄生虫,总染虫率40.24%,总寄生指数6.05。 发现的体表寄生虫共8科18属30种2 409只,其中蚤3科5属6种211只,染蚤率6.47%,蚤指数3.30,优势种为特新蚤闽北亚种;蜱1科4属5种446只,染蜱率16.28%,蜱指数2.77,优势种为血红扇头蜱;革螨1科5属9种951只,染革螨率22.24%,革螨指数4.32,优势种为毒棘厉螨;恙螨1科2属3种341只,染恙螨率7.28%,恙螨指数4.74,优势种为地里纤恙螨;吸虱2科2属7种460只,染虱率9.30%,吸虱指数5.00,优势种为社鼠甲胁虱。  结论   浙西南地区野栖啮齿动物及其体表寄生虫种类繁多,分布广泛,宿主染虫率和寄生指数均较高,建议持续开展相关监测,加强除蚤类外的蜱、革螨和吸虱等体表寄生虫生态学调查和病原学检测。
  • 表  1  浙西南啮齿动物的组成及染虫概况

    Table  1.   Population composition and parasitism of rodents in southwestern Zhejiang

     鼠种捕获鼠数
    (只)
    染虫鼠数及其
    构成比(%)
    雌雄宿主数及其构成比(%)宿主数及其构成比(%)染虫率
    (%)
    检虫数
    (只)
    寄生
    指数
    雌性(%)雄性(%)成年(%)未成年(%)
    黑线姬鼠654234(58.79)135(33.92)99(24.87)208(52.26)26(6.53)35.789354.00
    社鼠13370(17.59)30(7.54)40(10.05)68(17.09)2(0.50)52.636369.09
    黄毛鼠6833(8.29)17(4.27)16(4.02)33(8.29)0(0.00)48.532276.88
    东方田鼠4117(4.27)10(2.51)7(1.76)17(4.27)0(0.00)41.461408.24
    褐家鼠3217(4.27)5(1.26)12(3.02)11(2.76)6(1.51)53.13804.71
    青毛鼠108(2.01)4(1.01)4(1.01)8(2.01)0(0.00)80.0016821.00
    白腹巨鼠137(1.76)2(0.50)5(1.26)5(1.26)2(0.50)53.8515321.86
    黄胸鼠247(1.76)1(0.25)6(1.51)6(1.51)1(0.25)29.17446.29
    针毛鼠83(0.75)1(0.25)2(0.50)3(0.75)0(0.00)37.50206.67
    小家鼠62(0.50)1(0.25)1(0.25)1(0.25)1(0.25)33.3363.00
     合计989398(100.00)206(51.76)192(48.24)360(90.45)38(9.55)40.2424096.05
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  浙西南啮齿动物体表蚤类的组成及数量分布

    Table  2.   Composition and quantity distribution of parasitic flea on rodents in southwestern Zhejiang

     鼠种捕获数(只)染蚤鼠数(只)染蚤率(%)检蚤数(匹)蚤指数蚤种类(匹)
    不等
    单蚤
    适存
    病蚤
    缓慢
    细蚤
    喜山
    二刺蚤
    特新蚤
    闽北亚种
    特新蚤
    中华亚种
    黑线姬鼠654436.57571.3303920151
    北社鼠13386.02131.630130000
    黄毛鼠6834.4151.67020210
    东方田鼠4100.0000.00000000
    褐家鼠3200.0000.00000000
    青毛鼠10880.0011914.8810024940
    白腹巨鼠13215.38170.000000170
    黄胸鼠2400.0000.00000000
    针毛鼠800.0000.00000000
    小家鼠600.0000.00000000
     合计989646.472113.301542261271
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  浙西南啮齿动物体表蜱类的组成及数量分布

    Table  3.   Composition and quantity distribution of parasitic flea ticks in rodents in southwestern Zhejiang

     鼠种捕获数
    (只)
    染蜱鼠数
    (只)
    染蜱率
    (%)
    检蜱数
    (只)
    蜱指数蜱种类(只)
    血红扇头蜱粒形硬蜱龟形花蜱长角血蜱钝刺血蜱
    黑线姬鼠6549915.142872.9021669020
    北社鼠1332317.29562.432923121
    黄毛鼠681420.59433.07043000
    东方田鼠41717.07121.71012000
    褐家鼠32618.75111.8356000
    青毛鼠10220.0052.5031010
    白腹巨鼠13323.08113.6730800
    黄胸鼠24312.5082.6753000
    针毛鼠8337.50124.0051060
    小家鼠6116.6711.0001000
     合计98916116.284462.772661599111
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  浙西南啮齿动物体表革螨的组成及数量分布

    Table  4.   Composition and quantity distribution of parasitic gamasid mites in rodents in southwestern Zhejiang

     鼠种捕获数(只)染革
    螨鼠数(只)
    染革螨率(%)检革
    螨数(只)
    革螨
    指数
    不同种类革螨数(只)
    厩真
    厉螨
    鼠颚毛
    厉螨
    东方上
    厉螨
    格氏血
    厉螨
    金氏
    厉螨
    毒棘
    厉螨
    纳氏
    厉螨
    福建棘
    厉螨
    土尔克
    厉螨
    黑线姬鼠6549915.142832.86443072209956025
    北社鼠1336045.113636.052702022790116
    黄毛鼠682435.29994.1301100128401
    东方田鼠411229.27534.4210924601300
    褐家鼠321031.25646.4001000471600
    青毛鼠10220.0052.50000000005
    白腹巨鼠13646.156210.330200030156
    黄胸鼠24312.50144.67010016600
    针毛鼠8225.0031.50010002000
    小家鼠6233.3352.50000100400
     合计98922022.249514.324743174973961881203
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  浙西南啮齿动物体表恙螨的组成及数量分布

    Table  5.   Composition and quantity distribution of parasitic chigger mites in rodents in southwestern Zhejiang

     鼠种捕获数(只)染恙螨鼠数(只)染恙螨率(%)检恙螨数(只)恙螨指数不同种类恙螨数(只)
    地里纤恙螨居中纤恙螨中华无前恙螨
    黑线姬鼠654416.271654.02150141
    北社鼠13332.26113.671100
    黄毛鼠68710.29659.295870
    东方田鼠41819.51445.503680
    褐家鼠32412.5041.00400
    青毛鼠10220.002613.002600
    白腹巨鼠1317.6988.00800
    黄胸鼠24520.83132.601300
    针毛鼠8112.5055.00500
    小家鼠600.0000.00000
     合计989727.283414.74311291
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  浙西南地区啮齿动物体表吸虱的组成及数量分布

    Table  6.   Composition and quantity distribution of parasitic sucking lice in rodents in southwestern Zhejiang

     鼠种捕获数
    (只)
    染虱鼠数
    (只)
    染虱率
    (%)
    检虱数
    (只)
    虱指数不同种类吸虱数(只)
    锯多
    板虱
    弯多
    板虱
    红姬
    甲胁虱
    克氏
    甲胁虱
    社鼠
    甲胁虱
    太平洋
    甲胁虱
    相关
    甲胁虱
    黑线姬鼠654497.491432.9215910073765
    北社鼠1331914.2919310.16200018317
    黄毛鼠68710.29152.1401001130
    东方田鼠4149.76317.7542400030
    褐家鼠3213.1311.000100000
    青毛鼠10330.00134.330009040
    白腹巨鼠13538.465511.0000000550
    黄胸鼠24416.6792.253200130
    针毛鼠800.0000.000000000
    小家鼠600.0000.000000000
     合计989929.304605.00243710919211672
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-21
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-09-26
  • 刊出日期:  2021-09-30

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