浙江省宁波地区登革热疫情前后白纹伊蚊抗药性调查

马敏 马晓 徐明 陈小英 杨思嘉

马敏, 马晓, 徐明, 陈小英, 杨思嘉. 浙江省宁波地区登革热疫情前后白纹伊蚊抗药性调查[J]. 疾病监测, 2021, 36(9): 906-909. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202105310287
引用本文: 马敏, 马晓, 徐明, 陈小英, 杨思嘉. 浙江省宁波地区登革热疫情前后白纹伊蚊抗药性调查[J]. 疾病监测, 2021, 36(9): 906-909. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202105310287
Ma Min, Ma Xiao, Xu Ming, Chen Xiaoying, Yang Sijia. Comparison of insecticide resistance of Aedes albopictus before and after dengue fever epidemic in Ningbo, Zhejiang[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2021, 36(9): 906-909. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202105310287
Citation: Ma Min, Ma Xiao, Xu Ming, Chen Xiaoying, Yang Sijia. Comparison of insecticide resistance of Aedes albopictus before and after dengue fever epidemic in Ningbo, Zhejiang[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2021, 36(9): 906-909. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202105310287

浙江省宁波地区登革热疫情前后白纹伊蚊抗药性调查

doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202105310287
基金项目: 宁波市医疗卫生品牌学科现场流行病学项目(No. PPXK2018–10)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    马敏,女,浙江省临海市人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事媒介生物防制工作,Email:mamin2013@126.com

    通讯作者:

    马晓,Tel:0571–87680153,Email:max@nbcdc.org.cn

  • 中图分类号: R211;R384.1

Comparison of insecticide resistance of Aedes albopictus before and after dengue fever epidemic in Ningbo, Zhejiang

Funds: This study was supported by Ningbo Health Branding Subject Fund Field Epidemiology (No. PPXK2018–10)
  • 摘要:   目的   调查浙江省宁波地区登革热疫情前后白纹伊蚊对常用杀虫剂的抗药性变化,为抗药性治理和登革热防控提供科学依据。  方法   登革热疫情发生前(2018年)在宁波市辖10个县(市、区)采集白纹伊蚊幼蚊,疫情发生后(2019年)在登革热旧疫点采集白纹伊蚊幼蚊。采集的幼蚊在实验室繁殖1~2代,分别采用浸渍法和接触法测定幼蚊和成蚊抗药性。  结果   2018年,白纹伊蚊幼蚊对溴氰菊酯、高效氯氰菊酯、残杀威、敌敌畏和双硫磷的抗性倍数分别为45.43、18.85、4.81、1.55和4.13,2019年抗性倍数分别为82.00、29.43、7.14、3.27和6.25。 将白纹伊蚊成蚊暴露于0.4%高效氯氰菊酯、0.1%溴氰菊酯、3%氯菊酯、0.05%残杀威和0.5%马拉硫磷各1 h,2018年试虫24 h死亡率分别为98.33%、83.33%、88.52%、95.24%和76.67%,2019年试虫24 h死亡率分别为98.89%、92.22%、98.89%、100.00%和98.89%。  结论   宁波地区白纹伊蚊幼蚊对测试的杀虫剂均产生了抗药性,且较登革热疫情前有了较大提高,而成蚊对测试的杀虫剂则相对敏感,抗药性未出现明显提高。 幼蚊和成蚊对杀虫剂的抗性水平并不一致,蚊虫防控应根据不同虫态的抗药性采取相应杀虫剂使用策略。
  • 表  1  2018和2019年宁波地区白纹伊蚊幼蚊对常用杀虫剂的抗药性测定结果

    Table  1.   Resistance of Aedes albopictus larvae to commonly used insecticides in Ningbo, 2018 and 2019

    杀虫剂年份现场种群敏感种群5抗性
    倍数
    抗性
    等级
    半数致死浓度(mg/L)95%置信区间(mg/L)半数致死浓度(mg/L)95%置信区间(mg/L)
    溴氰菊酯20180.01590.0118~0.02190.00040.0003~0.000445.43高抗
    20190.02870.0250~0.033382.00高抗
    高效氯氰菊酯20180.01640.0138~0.01910.00090.0008~0.001018.85中抗
    20190.02560.0229~0.028729.43中抗
    残杀威20181.75101.6313~1.86720.36410.2825~0.4232 4.81低抗
    20192.59982.3155~2.9240 7.14低抗
    敌敌畏20180.05890.0520~0.06730.03810.0345~0.0420 1.55敏感
    20190.12460.1176~0.1311 3.27低抗
    双硫磷20180.00660.0029~0.00410.00160.0015~0.0018 4.13低抗
    20190.01000.0093~0.0106 6.25低抗
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2018和2019年宁波地区白纹伊蚊成蚊对常见杀虫剂的抗药性测定结果

    Table  2.   Resistance of Aedes albopictus adults to commonly used insecticides in Ningbo, 2018 and 2019

     杀虫剂年份试虫数
    (只)
    死亡数
    (只)
    死亡率
    (%)
    抗性水平
    高效氯氰菊酯(0.4%)20186059 98.33敏感  
    20199089 98.89敏感  
    溴氰菊酯(0.1%)20186050 83.33可疑抗性
    20199083 92.22可疑抗性
    氯菊酯(3%)20186154 88.52可疑抗性
    20199089 98.89敏感  
    残杀威(0.05%)20186360 95.24可疑抗性
    20199090100.00敏感  
    马拉硫磷(0.5%)20186046 76.67抗性  
    20199089 98.89敏感  
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-31
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-09-08
  • 刊出日期:  2021-09-30

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