2017-2019年浙江省衢州市城区公园蜱分布及携带病原体情况调查

曹国平 占炳东 钟建跃 余樟有 张建民 陈忠兵 尹志英 方春福

曹国平, 占炳东, 钟建跃, 余樟有, 张建民, 陈忠兵, 尹志英, 方春福. 2017-2019年浙江省衢州市城区公园蜱分布及携带病原体情况调查[J]. 疾病监测, 2021, 36(9): 879-883. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202106010314
引用本文: 曹国平, 占炳东, 钟建跃, 余樟有, 张建民, 陈忠兵, 尹志英, 方春福. 2017-2019年浙江省衢州市城区公园蜱分布及携带病原体情况调查[J]. 疾病监测, 2021, 36(9): 879-883. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202106010314
Cao Guoping, Zhan Bingdong, Zhong Jianyue, Yu Zhangyou, Zhang Jianmin, Chen Zhongbing, Yin Zhiying, Fang Chunfu. Status of tick distribution and tick-borne pathogens in urban parks of Quzhou, Zhejiang, 2017–2019[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2021, 36(9): 879-883. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202106010314
Citation: Cao Guoping, Zhan Bingdong, Zhong Jianyue, Yu Zhangyou, Zhang Jianmin, Chen Zhongbing, Yin Zhiying, Fang Chunfu. Status of tick distribution and tick-borne pathogens in urban parks of Quzhou, Zhejiang, 2017–2019[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2021, 36(9): 879-883. doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202106010314

2017-2019年浙江省衢州市城区公园蜱分布及携带病原体情况调查

doi: 10.3784/jbjc.202106010314
基金项目: 衢州市科技项目(No. 20172091)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    曹国平,男,江西省上饶市鄱阳县人,主管医师,主要从事传染病防控工作,Email:cgp_1985@163.com

    通讯作者:

    方春福,Tel:0570–3027557,Email:541190943@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: R211;R384.4;R373.9

Status of tick distribution and tick-borne pathogens in urban parks of Quzhou, Zhejiang, 2017–2019

Funds: This study was supported by the Science and Technology Bureau Projects of Quzhou (No. 20172091)
More Information
  • 摘要:   目的  了解浙江省衢州市城区公园蜱类的种群分布和病原体携带情况,评估衢州市城区公园蜱传疾病的传播风险。  方法  2017 — 2019年每年3 — 11月,选择衢州市6个县(市、区)共18家城区公园,利用人工布旗法和动物体表采集法采集游离蜱和寄生蜱,进行蜱种鉴定,采用PCR方法检测蜱体内伯氏疏螺旋体、斑点热群立克次体、微小巴贝西虫、无形体/埃立克体、发热伴血小板减少综合征布尼亚病毒(SFTSV)。  结果  共捕获蜱168只,春、夏、秋季分别采集蜱标本41、70、57只,季节间无明显差异;168只蜱均为成蜱,隶属于1科5属7种,以革蜱为主,其次为长角血蜱、中华硬蜱,分别占36.90%(62/168)、26.79%(45/168)、占14.29%(24/168);游离蜱39只(23.21%),寄生蜱129只(76.79%),其中宿主为鼠类的有96只(74.42%),远高于其他宿主;其中47只检测5类病原体阳性,总阳性率为27.98%;以伯氏疏螺旋体阳性率最高(13.10%),无形体/埃立克体阳性率最低(1.79%)。  结论  衢州市城区公园捕获蜱类以革蜱和长角血蜱为主,携带伯氏疏螺旋体、斑点热群立克次体、SFTSV等病原体。 市民存在被蜱叮咬及感染蜱传疾病的风险。
  • 表  1  5种病原体检测方法及引物序列

    Table  1.   Methods and primer sequences for detections of five pathogens

    病原体种类引物序列(5′~3′)
    伯氏疏螺旋体F:GCTTCGCTTGTAGATGAGTCTG
    R:GCGGAAGATTCTTAGCTGCTG
    斑点热群立克次体F:TGGTGGAGCTCATAAGTTACA
    R:AGTTACATTTCCTGCACCTAC
    微小巴贝西虫F:AATTACCCAATCCTGACACAGG
    R:TTTGGCAGTAGTTCGTCTTTAACA
    无形体/埃立克体F:GCTAAGGAGTTAGCTTATGA
    R:AGAAGATCATAACAAGCATTG
    发热伴血小板减少综合征
    布尼亚病毒
    F:GGGTCCCTGAAGGAGTTGTAAA
    R:TGCCTTCACCAAGACTATCAATGT
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2017-2019年3-11月衢州市各县(市、区)蜱采集结果

    Table  2.   Tick collection list in different counties (districts) of Quzhou March–November during 2017–2019

    地区不同月份采集蜱数量(只)总计
    (只)
    34567891011
    柯城区099312936354
    衢江区003303120021
    龙游县02964306030
    江山市00300066015
    常山县00006060012
    开化县03399306336
    合计0142721311827246168
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  2017-2019年3-11月衢州市各县(市、区)蜱种分布

    Table  3.   Tick species and genus classification in different counties (districts) of Quzhou, 2017–2019

    地区蜱种分布(只)总计(只)
    革蜱长角
    血蜱
    中华
    硬蜱
    龟形
    花蜱
    镰形扇
    头蜱
    血红扇
    头蜱
    粒形
    硬蜱
    柯城区25126362054
    衢江区1223301021
    龙游县593325330
    江山市366000015
    常山县243030012
    开化县15123600036
    合计624524151183168
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  2017-2019年3-11月衢州市各县(市、区)蜱宿主分类

    Table  4.   Hosts of ticks in different counties (districts) of Quzhou, March-November during 2017–2019

    地区公园数量(个)游离蜱(只)寄生蜱数量(只)总计(只)
    流浪犬宠物犬
    柯城区383732454
    衢江区351301221
    龙游县361236330
    江山市33900315
    常山县32700312
    开化县3151800336
    合计1839966918168
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  2017-2019年3-11月衢州市各县(市、区)蜱携带病原体情况

    Table  5.   Carriage of pathogens in ticks captured in different counties (districts) of Quzhou, March-November during 2017–2019

    地区公园数(个)标本数(只)5种病原体阳性结果2种及以上
    病原体阳性
    总计
    伯氏疏
    螺旋体
    斑点热群
    立克次体
    微小巴贝
    西虫
    无形体/
    埃立克体
    发热伴血小板减少综合征布尼亚病毒
    柯城区3547(12.96)5(9.26)4(7.41)2(3.70)2(3.70)4(7.41)16(29.63)
    衢江区3212(9.52)1(4.76)0(0.00)0(0.00)0(0.00)0(0.00)3(14.29)
    龙游县3305(16.67)2(6.67)2(6.67)1(3.33)1(3.33)1(3.33)10(33.33)
    江山市3151(6.67)1(6.67)1(6.67)0(0.00)0(0.00)1(6.67)2(13.33)
    常山县3121(8.33)1(8.33)2(16.67)0(0.00)1(8.33)2(16.67)3(25.00)
    开化县3366(16.67)4(11.11)3(8.33)0(0.00)4(11.11)4(11.11)13(36.11)
    合计1816822(13.10)14(8.33)12(7.14)3(1.79)8(4.76)12(7.14)47(27.98)
      注:括号外数据为阳性数(只),括号内数据为阳性率(%)
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-01
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