浙江省余姚市中小学生近视流行现况分析

张一 周高祥 苗超 石亚锋

张一, 周高祥, 苗超, 石亚锋. 浙江省余姚市中小学生近视流行现况分析[J]. 疾病监测.
引用本文: 张一, 周高祥, 苗超, 石亚锋. 浙江省余姚市中小学生近视流行现况分析[J]. 疾病监测.
Zhang Yi, Zhou Gaoxiang, Miao Chao, Shi Yafeng. Analysis on prevalence of myopia in school students in Yuyao, Zhejiang[J]. Disease Surveillance.
Citation: Zhang Yi, Zhou Gaoxiang, Miao Chao, Shi Yafeng. Analysis on prevalence of myopia in school students in Yuyao, Zhejiang[J]. Disease Surveillance.

浙江省余姚市中小学生近视流行现况分析

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张一,男,浙江省余姚市人,本科,副主任技师,目前从事疾病预防控制和精神卫生工作

    通讯作者:

    张一,Tel:057462670762,Email:36872625@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: R179; R778.1+1

Analysis on prevalence of myopia in school students in Yuyao, Zhejiang

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  • 摘要:   目的  了解浙江省余姚市中小学学生近视患病情况,为做好防控工作提供参考依据。  方法  2020年9—12月采用普查的方法,对全市所有中小学生进行问卷调查,裸眼视力测定和屈光检测。  结果  共调查中小学生109 088人,回收有效问卷104 800份。近视患病率为51.96%,女生明显高于男生(H=345,P<0.01),汉族学生患病率明显高于其他民族(H=663,P<0.01),城区学生明显高于农村学生(H=1182,P<0.01)。公办学校学生患病率明显低于民办学校学生(H=122,P<0.01)。普通高中学生患病率最高,其次是职高、初中,小学最低。随学龄的延长,近视患病率明显升高,二者具有相关性(r=0.90)。在低学龄段(1~6年)学生中,以轻度近视为主,高学龄段(7~12年)学生则以中度和重度近视为主。  结论  余姚市中小学生近视患病率较高,有低龄化、严重化的趋势。应进一步采取综合性干预措施以降低全市中小学生的近视发病。
  • 图  1  余姚市不同学龄学生近视患病情况

    Figure  1.  Prevalence of myopia in students in different school age groups in Yuyao

    表  1  余姚市不同人口学特征近视检出情况

    Table  1.   Detection of myopia in students with different demographic characteristics in Yuyao

    变量学生人数(名)近视人数(例)患病率(%)近视程度分级
    轻度近视(例)构成比(%)中度近视(例)构成比(%)重度近视(例)构成比(%)
    性别56 38327 80149.3114 41351.8410 45037.592 93810.57
    48 41726 65655.0613 42350.3610 35438.842 87910.80
    民族汉族96 46651 24753.1225 87350.4919 77138.585 60310.93
    苗族1 81966536.5638658.0522834.29517.67
    土家族1 76472541.1043159.4524233.38527.17
    布依族1 34652138.7134065.2615128.98305.76
    其他少数民族3 4051 29938.1580662.0541231.72816.24
    地区城区46 98127 17857.8513 03147.9510 85539.943 29212.11
    农村57 81927 27947.1814 80554.279 94936.472 5259.26
    学校性质公立89 67145 96751.2624 00652.2217 28437.604 67710.17
    民办15 1298 49056.123 83045.113 52041.461 14013.43
    学校类型小学65 90222 84234.6616 55372.475 60124.526883.01
    初中22 68917 46776.987 36142.148 05546.122 05111.74
    普通高中8 3357 61891.401 83424.073 91751.421 86724.51
    职高7 8746 53082.932 08831.983 23149.481 21118.55
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  余姚市不同学龄学生近视检出情况

    Table  2.   Detection of myopia in students in different school age groups in Yuyao

    学龄(年)学生数(名)近视人数(例)患病率(%)环比增速(%)近视程度分级
    轻度近视(例)构成比(%)中度近视(例)构成比(%)重度近视(例)构成比(%)
    111 7581 0398.84/92589.03918.76232.21
    211 4832 32920.2811.451 95583.9431813.65562.41
    311 2893 28829.138.852 73583.1850815.45451.37
    410 5094 25640.5011.373 25976.5792021.62771.81
    59 8655 12951.9911.493 57169.621 41327.551452.83
    69 6835 94861.439.443 60760.642 04534.382964.98
    78 2055 80870.799.362 98151.332 40041.324277.35
    87 8936 03676.475.682 56342.462 79546.3167811.23
    97 5286 14381.605.132 24836.592 99248.7190314.70
    105 9015 09686.364.761 53530.122 61051.2295118.66
    115 8405 08387.040.681 43528.232 51849.541 13022.23
    124 8464 30288.771.731 02223.762 19451.001 08625.24
    合计104 80054 45751.96/27 83651.1220 80438.205 81710.68
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-01-19

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