2005-2020年上海市浦东新区居民人均期望寿命与去死因期望寿命趋势分析

周弋 胡彩霞 陈亦晨 陈涵一 李小攀 孙良红 陈华 曲晓滨 王森 肖绍坦

周弋, 胡彩霞, 陈亦晨, 陈涵一, 李小攀, 孙良红, 陈华, 曲晓滨, 王森, 肖绍坦. 2005-2020年上海市浦东新区居民人均期望寿命与去死因期望寿命趋势分析[J]. 疾病监测.
引用本文: 周弋, 胡彩霞, 陈亦晨, 陈涵一, 李小攀, 孙良红, 陈华, 曲晓滨, 王森, 肖绍坦. 2005-2020年上海市浦东新区居民人均期望寿命与去死因期望寿命趋势分析[J]. 疾病监测.
Zhou Yi, Hu Caixia, Chen Yichen, Chen Hanyi, Li Xiaopan, Sun Lianghong, Chen Hua, Qu Xiaobin, Wang Sen, Xiao Shaotan. Analysis on life expectancy and cause-eliminated life expectancy in Pudong new district of Shanghai, 2005−2020[J]. Disease Surveillance.
Citation: Zhou Yi, Hu Caixia, Chen Yichen, Chen Hanyi, Li Xiaopan, Sun Lianghong, Chen Hua, Qu Xiaobin, Wang Sen, Xiao Shaotan. Analysis on life expectancy and cause-eliminated life expectancy in Pudong new district of Shanghai, 2005−2020[J]. Disease Surveillance.

2005-2020年上海市浦东新区居民人均期望寿命与去死因期望寿命趋势分析

基金项目: 上海市公共卫生体系建设三年行动计划(2020-2022年)优秀学科带头人项目(No. GWV-10.2-XD24);上海市浦东新区卫生系统学科带头人培养计划(No. PWRd2019-11);上海市公共卫生体系建设三年行动计划(2020-2022年)优秀青年人才培养计划(No. GWV-10.2-YQ43);上海市浦东新区卫生系统重点专科(No. PWZZK2017-13)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    周弋,女,上海市人,博士,副主任医师,主要从事慢性非传染性疾病防治工作,Email:yizhou517@163.com

    通讯作者:

    肖绍坦,Tel:021–50132911, Email:2290473528@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: R211; R195.3

Analysis on life expectancy and cause-eliminated life expectancy in Pudong new district of Shanghai, 2005−2020

Funds: This study was supported by the Outstanding Academic Leader Project of Shanghai Municipal Public Health System Construction Three-year Action Plan (2020–2022) (No. GWV-10.2-XD24 ), Shanghai Pudong New District Health System Discipline Leader Training Program (No. PWRD2019-11), Shanghai Municipal Public Health System Construction Three-year Action Plan (2020–2022) Excellent Young Talents Training Program (No. GWV-10.2-YQ43) and Shanghai Pudong New District Key Department of Health System Key Specialty (No. PWZZK2017-13)
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  • 摘要:   目的  评估2005—2020年上海市浦东新区居民人均期望寿命与去死因期望寿命现状与变化趋势,为优化卫生资源配置提供依据。  方法  利用简略寿命表与去死因寿命表,计算2005—2020年浦东新区居民人均期望寿命和去死因期望寿命,利用Join-point软件计算人均期望寿命变化趋势。  结果  2020年浦东新区居民人均期望寿命为84.76岁,其中男、女性居民人均期望寿命分别为82.58 、87.01岁。 2005—2020年人均期望寿命保持增长,平均每年增长0.25岁。 16年间,呼吸系统疾病与损伤和中毒导致的人均期望寿命损失呈下降趋势,分别由1.50、1.01岁下降至0.79、0.70岁,肿瘤导致的人均期望寿命损失保持稳定,循环系统疾病与内分泌营养代谢疾病导致的人均期望寿命损失呈上升趋势,分别由4.92 、0.38岁增长至9.73、0.68岁。 2005—2020 年浦东新区居民去死因期望寿命顺位保持稳定,前6位死因分别为循环系统疾病、肿瘤、呼吸系统疾病、损伤和中毒、内分泌营养代谢疾病及消化系统疾病。  结论  浦东新区居民人均期望寿命已达发达国家领先水平,并保持稳步增长。 慢性非传染性疾病是导致居民人均期望寿命损失的主要原因。 循环系统疾病与内分泌营养代谢疾病导致的人均期望寿命损失呈加速上升趋势,肿瘤导致的人均期望寿命损失维持在高位,应在未来疾病防控工作中有所侧重。
  • 表  1  2005-2020年上海市浦东新区居民人均期望寿命变化趋势(岁)

    Table  1.   Life expectancy trend in residents in Pudong New Area of Shanghai, 2005−2020

    年份合计男性女性
    200580.5978.1583.02
    200681.3778.9183.81
    200781.3478.9283.75
    200881.7179.4683.92
    200982.1479.7984.47
    201082.5780.1784.96
    201182.6280.2684.96
    201282.5380.1684.92
    201383.0380.6385.47
    201483.3281.0285.65
    201583.1880.8585.57
    201683.7781.5186.07
    201783.9081.4986.36
    201884.2881.8986.74
    201984.4682.0087.02
    202084.7682.5887.01
    β0.250.260.25
    Z24.61422.66924.194
    P<0.001<0.001<0.001
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2005-2020年上海市浦东新区居民主要疾病去死因期望寿命变化趋势

    Table  2.   Cause-eliminated life expectancy trend of major death causes in Pudong New Area of Shanghai, 2005−2020

    年份去死因期望寿命(岁) 寿命损失(岁)
    循环系统
    疾病
    肿瘤呼吸系统
    疾病
    内分泌营养
    代谢疾病
    损伤和
    中毒
    消化系统
    疾病
    循环系统
    疾病
    肿瘤呼吸系统
    疾病
    内分泌营养
    代谢疾病
    损伤和
    中毒
    消化系统
    疾病
    200585.5184.4482.0980.9781.6080.92 4.923.851.500.381.010.33
    200686.4985.4282.7281.8082.2881.705.124.051.350.420.910.33
    200786.4285.2282.6881.7682.2181.665.083.871.330.410.870.32
    200886.9785.4983.0082.1182.5082.015.263.781.290.400.790.31
    200987.6586.1683.3882.5782.9882.475.514.021.240.430.840.33
    201088.3286.7283.7483.0183.3882.885.754.151.170.440.810.31
    201188.5086.8283.8483.0783.4182.945.884.201.220.460.800.32
    201288.5586.4883.6782.9783.1782.846.023.951.150.450.640.31
    201389.4287.1984.0983.5283.7283.366.394.161.060.490.700.33
    201490.0787.4384.4783.8384.0083.606.754.101.150.510.680.28
    201590.1287.1684.3083.7583.9083.426.943.971.120.560.710.24
    201691.5287.7884.8384.3884.4684.017.754.021.070.620.690.24
    201791.5387.9284.9384.5484.6084.177.634.021.030.650.710.27
    201892.6388.2785.3184.9185.0384.578.363.991.040.630.760.29
    201992.7988.4285.4185.1685.1384.728.333.960.950.700.670.26
    202094.5088.8285.5685.4485.4785.049.734.060.790.680.700.27
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  2005-2020年上海市浦东新区居民主要疾病导致期望寿命损失趋势分析

    Table  3.   Analysis on trend of life expectancy loss due to major death causes in Pudong New Area of Shanghai, 2005−2020

     疾病类型时间区段(年)βZP
    循环系统疾病2005-20130.1704.458<0.001
    2013-20200.4309.053<0.001
    肿瘤2005-20200.0101.0620.306
    呼吸系统疾病2005-2009−0.060−3.1780.013
    2009-2018−0.020−3.0350.016
    2018-2020−0.120−1.8890.096
    内分泌营养代谢疾病2005-20120.0102.6500.023
    2012-20200.0309.530<0.001
    损伤和中毒2005-2012−0.040−5.570<0.001
    2012-20200.000−0.2230.827
    消化系统疾病2005-2020−0.010−4.631<0.001
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  2005与2020年上海市浦东新区居民去死因期望寿命变化

    Table  4.   Comparison of cause-eliminated life expectancy of residents in Pudong New Area of Shanghai, 2005 and 2020

    顺位2005年 2020年
    去死因疾病类别去死因期望寿命(岁)寿命损失(岁)寿命损失率(%) 去死因疾病类别去死因期望寿命(岁)寿命损失(岁)寿命损失率(%)
    1循环系统疾病85.514.926.11 循环系统疾病94.509.7311.48
    2肿瘤84.443.854.78肿瘤88.824.064.79
    3呼吸系统疾病82.091.501.86呼吸系统疾病85.560.790.93
    4损伤和中毒81.601.011.25损伤和中毒85.470.700.83
    5内分泌营养代谢疾病80.970.380.47内分泌营养代谢疾病85.440.680.80
    6消化系统疾病80.920.330.40消化系统疾病85.040.270.32
    7传染病和寄生虫病80.800.210.26神经系统疾病84.970.200.24
    8先天异常80.740.150.18精神障碍84.860.090.11
    9新生儿疾病80.710.120.15新生儿疾病84.850.090.11
    10精神障碍80.700.110.14传染病和寄生虫病84.850.090.11
    下载: 导出CSV
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