基于地理信息系统的广西壮族自治区出生缺陷空间分析

彭振仁 韦洁 陈碧艳 黄秀宁 宋鹏书 梁丽芳 韦慧 丘小霞 梁军荣 何升

彭振仁, 韦洁, 陈碧艳, 黄秀宁, 宋鹏书, 梁丽芳, 韦慧, 丘小霞, 梁军荣, 何升. 基于地理信息系统的广西壮族自治区出生缺陷空间分析[J]. 疾病监测.
引用本文: 彭振仁, 韦洁, 陈碧艳, 黄秀宁, 宋鹏书, 梁丽芳, 韦慧, 丘小霞, 梁军荣, 何升. 基于地理信息系统的广西壮族自治区出生缺陷空间分析[J]. 疾病监测.
Peng Zhenren, Wei Jie, Chen Biyan, Huang Xiuning, Song Pengshu, Liang Lifang, Wei Hui, Qiu Xiaoxia, Liang Junrong, He Sheng. Spatial analysis on birth defects in Guangxi based on geographic information system[J]. Disease Surveillance.
Citation: Peng Zhenren, Wei Jie, Chen Biyan, Huang Xiuning, Song Pengshu, Liang Lifang, Wei Hui, Qiu Xiaoxia, Liang Junrong, He Sheng. Spatial analysis on birth defects in Guangxi based on geographic information system[J]. Disease Surveillance.

基于地理信息系统的广西壮族自治区出生缺陷空间分析

基金项目: 广西卫生健康委员会自筹课题(No. Z20210056);广西医疗卫生适宜技术开发与推广应用(No.S201613,No. S201614);国家重点研发计划(No.2018YFC1002501,No. 2019YFC012190)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    彭振仁,男,广西壮族自治区桂林市临桂县人,博士,主治医师,主要从事出生缺陷预防与控制研究工作,Email:pengzhenren@163.com

    通讯作者:

    何升,Tel:0771-2860978,Email:heshengbiol@163.com

  • 中图分类号: R211; R174.6

Spatial analysis on birth defects in Guangxi based on geographic information system

Funds: This study was supported by Self-Funded Program of Guangxi Health Commission (No.Z20210056), Appropriate Technology Development and Application Program of Guangxi Medicine and Health (No.S201613, No. S201614), and The National Key Research and Development Program of China (No.2018YFC1002501, No. 2019YFC012190)
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  • 摘要:   目的  探索广西壮族自治区(广西)出生缺陷发病的空间分布特征,为出生缺陷防控策略和措施的制订提供科学依据。  方法  建立2016 — 2020年广西出生缺陷空间数据库,利用克里金插值生成广西出生缺陷发病水平图,对发病率进行趋势面分析、空间自相关分析和热点分析。  结果  趋势面分析显示,出生缺陷发生率在由西向东及由北向南均呈先上升后下降的变化趋势;全局空间自相关分析显示,出生缺陷发生率在空间上呈正相关分布(Moran's I = 0.308,Z = 6.066,P < 0.001);局部空间自相关分析显示,出生缺陷发生率在空间分布上存在高-高值聚集区域(Z > 1.96,P < 0.05)和高-低值聚集区域(Z < −1.96,P < 0.05);热点分析显示,出生缺陷发生率在空间分布上存在热点地区(Z > 1.65,P < 0.10)和冷点地区(Z < −1.65,P < 0.10)。  结论  广西出生缺陷发病具有明显的空间分布规律,存在局部高发县/区,应重点加强这些县/区的出生缺陷防控。
  • 图  1  广西各县(市、区)出生缺陷监测医院数分布

    Figure  1.  Distribution and number of hospitals for birth defects surveillance in Guangxi

    图  2  2016-2020年广西各县/区出生缺陷儿数分布

    Figure  2.  Distribution and number of birth defects cases in Guangxi,2016–2020

    图  3  2016-2020年广西出生缺陷发生率分布

    Figure  3.  Distribution of incidence of birth defects in Guangxi,2016–2020

    图  4  经克里金插值生成的2016-2020年广西出生缺陷发生率模拟图

    Figure  4.  Incidence of birth defects generated by Kriging interpolation in Guangxi,2016–2020

    图  5  2016-2020年广西出生缺陷发生率趋势面分析结果

    Figure  5.  Trend surface analysis on incidence of birth defects in Guangxi,2016–2020

    图  6  2016-2020年广西出生缺陷发生率局部空间自相关分析结果

    Figure  6.  Local spatial autocorrelation analysis on incidence of birth defects in Guangxi,2016–2020

    图  7  2016-2020年广西出生缺陷发生率热点分析结果

    Figure  7.  Hot spot analysis on incidence of birth defects in Guangxi,2016–2020

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-04-08

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