目的 分析陕西省宝鸡地区无偿献血人群中艾滋病病毒(HIV)感染情况,分析发展趋势,关注临床用血安全。 方法 使用ELISA法对献血人群抗-HIV抗体进行检测,初筛阳性血液、确证真正感染情况。对检测结果及流行病情况进行分析。 结果 宝鸡地区献血者感染艾滋病呈逐年上升趋势,男性及流动人员感染者多,同性性传播占比重大,年龄以20~40岁为主。 结论 加强无偿献血和艾滋病防治知识的宣传,从低危人群中采集血液,加强街头体检人员的征询能力和技巧,宣传献血后回告和保密性弃血的作用提高回告率。
Objective To understand the HIV infection status and trend in blood donors and ensure clinical blood transfusion safety. Methods HIV test was conducted in blood donors by using ELISA, further screening for positive blood samples was conducted to determine the actual infection status. Epidemiological analysis was performed on the detection results. Results The HIV infection rate increased with years in blood donors in Baoji. The infection mainly occurred in males and in floating population. The age of most infected people ranged from 20 to 40 years. Conclusion It is necessary to strengthen the health education about non-remunerated blood donation and AIDS prevention and control, collect blood from low risk population, improve the training of staff on health examination in mobile blood donation station and tell blood donors about the importance of disposal of unsafe blood in secret to encourage the blood donors with potential risk to report their problems.