目的 分析福建省居民伤害死亡流行病学分布情况,为防制伤害提供依据。 方法 采用福建省医疗卫生机构2010年通过全国疾病预防控制信息系统(死因登记报告信息系统)上报的死亡个案及中国疾病预防控制信息系统发布的福建省常住人口信息,描述伤害死亡水平,以及城乡和地区分布,计算死亡率、标化死亡率、潜在寿命损失年数(PYLL)等并进行统计分析。 结果 2010年福建省男性伤害标化死亡率(/10万)高于女性(χ2=132.83, Pχ2=275.02, Pr2=2837.77, P结论 伤害是福建省居民主要死因之一,特别是交通事故、跌倒和自杀。不同地区应根据分布特征采取有效的干预措施。
Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of injury death in Fujian province and provide evidence for injury prevention and control. Methods The injury death data reported by medical institutions in Fujian or collected through national death cause registering and reporting system were analyzed to understand its geographic distribution and calculate the death rate, standardized death rate and the potential years of life lost (PYLL). Results The standardized injury death rate in males (7.71/lakh) was higher than that in females (3.80/lakh) (χ2= 132.83, Pχ2=275.02, Pr2= 2837.77, P Conclusion Injury was one of the leading death causes in residents in Fujian province, especially the injuries caused by traffic accident, falling down and suicide. It is necessary to conduct appropriate interventions according to the distribution of injury deaths in different areas.