目的 评估2016年6月国内外突发公共卫生事件及需要关注传染病的风险。方法 根据国内外突发公共卫生事件报告及重点传染病监测等各种资料和部门通报信息,采用专家会商法,并通过视频会议形式邀请省(直辖市、自治区)疾病预防控制中心专家参与评估。结果 近期我国仍有可能出现黄热病、寨卡病毒病、登革热、基孔肯雅热等蚊媒传播传染病的输入性病例,广东、云南、海南、福建、广西和浙江等重点省(自治区)存在输入后发生本地传播的可能。全国手足口病流行强度将逐渐增强,重症和死亡病例将逐渐增多。人感染禽流感疫情仍可能呈散发态势。食物中毒事件将进一步增多。结论 根据近期传染病和突发公共卫生事件监测数据,结合既往突发公共卫生事件发生情况及传染病流行特点分析,预计全国6月总报告事件数和病例数较5月基本持平。需重点关注寨卡病毒病、黄热病、登革热和基孔肯雅热等媒介伊蚊传染病,人感染禽流感、手足口病和食物中毒的公共卫生风险。
Objective To assess the risk of public health emergencies and communicable diseases concerned in the mainland of China in June 2016. Methods An internet based expert counsel was conducted to analyze the surveillance data of public health emergencies and priority communicable diseases in China reported through different channels, and the experts in all the provincial centers for disease control and prevention attended this video conference. Results The risk of importation of mosquito borne diseases, such as yellow fever, Zika virus infection, dengue, and Chikungunya, still exists, and local transmission might occur in Guangdong, Yunnan, Hainan, Fujian, Guangxi, and Zhejiang provinces.The incidence of hand foot and mouth disease is in increase, and more severe cases and deaths might occur. The sporadic cases of human infection with avian influenza might stillbe reported in June. And more food poisoning might occur. Conclusion According to the analysis of recent and previous surveillance data of communicable diseases and public health emergencies, it is predicted that the incidence of public health emergencies or communicable diseases in June would be similar to that in May. It is predicted that the incidence of public health emergencies and communicable diseases in June would be similar to that in May. Close attention should be paid to mosquito borne diseases, human infection with avian influenza, hand food and mouth disease and food poisoning.